Harivansh Rai Bachchan, also known as Srivastava, was an Indian poet and author who contributed to the Nayi Kavita (Romantic Rise) literary movement of early 20th century Hindi literature. Moreover, he was a poet for the Hindi Kavi Sammelan.

His early work Madhushala is what made him most famous. He was also the father of Amitabh Bachchan, Ajitabh Bachchan and Abhishek Bachchan, as well as the husband of social activist Teji Bachchan. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1976 for his contributions to Hindi literature.

Bachchan was born on November 27, 1907 to the Awadhi Hindu Kayastha family at Babupatti, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India. His surname was Pandey and he belonged to the Srivastava sub-caste.

While writing Hindi poetry, he started using the pseudonym ‘Bachchan’ (which translates to ‘child’) instead of Shrivastava. He was a professor of English at Allahabad University from 1941 to 1957. Thereafter, he spent the next two years at St. Catharine’s College, Cambridge, where he completed his doctorate on WB Yeats.

Music and film have used Bachchan’s work. For example, verses from his poem “Agneepath” are included in both the original 1990 Amitabh Bachchan film and the 2012 remake starring Hrithik Roshan. as well as more recently in the television series Ishqbaaz.