Opening of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey

April 23 is the 113th (114th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left before the end of the year is 252.

Railways

  • 23 April 1903 British Prime Minister Balfour announces in the House of Commons that they will in no way be partners and will not support the Baghdad Railway.
  • April 23, 1923 An agreement is signed in Zurich between Deutsche Bank and Schroder concerning the Anatolian and Baghdad railway.
  • April 23, 1926 The Samsun-Poplar line of the Samsun-Sivas line is opened. Construction of the line stopped due to the war started by the Régie Générale in 1913. Contractor Nuri Demîrağ completed the line.
  • April 23, 1931 Irmak-Çankırı line (102 km.) And Doğanşehir-Malatya lines were opened.
    Date June 1, 1931 and 1815 with the Mudanya-Bursa Railway Law 50,000 TL. bought in exchange.
  • On April 23, 1932, the Kütahya-Balıkesir line was opened by the Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, Kazım Özalp. With this line, the distance between Balıkesir and Ankara has been reduced from 954 km to 592 km.
  • April 23, 1941 The Hadımköy-Akpınar line (11 km) is built by the state in Thrace for military reasons. The main stations of the Erzurum-Sarıkamış-Kars line have been opened. The Samsun station has been put into operation.
  • April 23, 1977 Izmir commuter trains.

Olaylar

  • 1827 – William Rowan Hamilton prepares the theory of light systems.
  • 1906 – Tsar II in Russia. Nicholas, “Basic LawsHe proclaimed the so-called constitution.
  • 1920 – The Turkish Grand National Assembly is opened and convened for the first time.
  • 1923 – The Lausanne Peace Conference was convened for the second time on April 23, 1923 and concluded on July 24, 1923 with the representatives of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and the representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Italy , Japan, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Portugal, Belgium, USSR and Yugoslavia.
  • 1935 – The adoption of the constitution in Poland.
  • [1945-[1945-Brother Dogan The first issue of the magazine is out.
  • 1948-II. The Topkapi Palace Museum and the Istanbul Archeology Museum, closed since World War II, have been opened to the public.
  • 1960 – The foundation of Izmit Oil Refinery is laid.
  • 1961 – The first parliament building is turned into a museum.
  • 1961 – The locally made May 27 train makes its first trip.
  • 1965 – The first Soviet communications satellite, Maniya-1, is launched into space.
  • 1968 – A group of anti-Vietnam War students from Columbia University in the United States seize administrative buildings and close the university.
  • 1969 – Sirhan Bishara Sirhan, murderer of Robert Kennedy, is sentenced to death.
  • 1979 – The Process Leading Up To The September 12, 1980 Coup In Turkey (1979 – September 12, 1980): Justice Minister Mehmet Can, speaking at the Martial Law Coordination Meeting, “The national anthem is not sung in Bingöl schools. Ataturk’s picture was taken from the classroom and thrown in the mud. The professor tried to stop them, they killed him.” devote.
  • 1979 – The satellite communication station, which will allow Turkey to make telephone calls with seven countries, is commissioned.
  • 1979 – On April 23, National Sovereignty and Children’s Day was first celebrated by TRT as “TRT April 1979 International Children’s Festival” after UNESCO declared announced that the 23rd was the “Year of the Child”.
  • 1981 – The National Security Council decides to try Tuncay Mataracı, one of the former ministers of customs and monopoly, before the Supreme Court.
  • 1982 – TRT began broadcasting color television twice a week.
  • 1982 – 12th execution of the September 15 coup: Sabri Altay, who shot his wife four times in the head to marry someone else in 1974, is executed.
  • 1984 – The virus that causes AIDS is identified.
  • 1990 – Namibia; It became the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1992 – President Turgut Özal, who was in the United States for a checkup, was diagnosed with prostate cancer.
  • 1993 – A referendum on Ethiopian independence began in Eritrea, an East African country.
  • 1994 – Gagauzia was founded.
  • 1997 – Omeriye massacre in Algeria: 42 dead.
  • 2001 – Intel releases the Pentium 4 processor.
  • 2003 – Schools in China were closed for two weeks due to the SARS virus.
  • 2003 – According to the decision taken by the Council of Ministers of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus; Free crossings have started between Northern Cyprus and the Republic of Cyprus.
  • 2005 – Istanbul Toy Museum, founded by poet and writer Sunay Akın, was opened.
  • 2006 – Mount Merapi (Marapi) erupted.

births

  • 1170 – Isabelle de Hainaut, Queen of France (died 1190)
  • 1775 – Joseph Mallord William Turner, English painter (died 1851)
  • 1791 – James Buchanan, American politician and 15th President of the United States (died 1868)
  • 1804 – Marie Taglioni, Italian ballerina (died 1884)
  • 1844 – Sanford B. Dole, Hawaiian politician (died 1926)
  • 1857 – Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (d. 1919)
  • 1858 – Max Planck, German physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (died 1947)
  • 1861 Edmund Allenby, English general (died 1936)
  • 1891 – Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer (died 1953)
  • 1895 – Yusuf Ziya Ortaç, Turkish poet, writer, professor of literature, publisher and politician (died 1967)
  • 1899 – Bertil Ohlin, Swedish economist and Nobel laureate (died 1979)
  • 1899 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian writer (died 1977)
  • 1902 – Halldor Laxness, Icelandic writer and Nobel laureate (died 1998)
  • 1906 – Sâdi Yâver Ataman, expert and compiler of Turkish folklore and folk music (died 1994)
  • 1919 – Bülent Arel, Turkish electronic music pioneer and Western classical music composer (died 1990)
  • 1926 – Suavi Süalp, Turkish comedian (died 1981)
  • 1927 – Ahmed Arif, Turkish poet (died 1991)
  • 1928 – Avni Anıl, Turkish musician (died 2008)
  • 1928 Shirley Temple, American actress (died 2014)
  • 1929 – Mürüvvet Sim, Turkish theater and film artist (died 1983)
  • 1934 – Ergun Köknar, Turkish theatre, cinema, TV series actor and journalist (died 2000)
  • 1934 – Fikret Hakan, Turkish film actor (died 2017)
  • 1936 – Roy Orbison, American singer, guitarist and songwriter (died 1988)
  • 1938 – Ali Ecder Akışık, Turkish theatre, film actor and voice actor (died 2010)
  • 1939 – Lee Majors, American actor
  • 1944 – Sandra Dee, American actress (died 2005)
  • [1945-AlevSezerTurkishactressoftheatercinemaandtelevisionseries(deceasedin1997)[1945-AlevSezeractriceturquedethéâtredecinémaetdesériestélévisées(décédéeen1997)
  • 1952 – Abdulkadir Budak, Turkish poet
  • 1952 – Pakize Suda, Turkish actress and writer
  • 1954 – Fatih Erdogan, Turkish writer
  • 1954 – Michael Moore, Irish-American actor, filmmaker and director
  • 1960 – Steve Clark, English guitarist (died 1991)
  • 1960 – Zekeriya Önge, Turkish soldier (died 1980)
  • 1966 – Michael Kraft, German footballer
  • 1967 – Melina Kanakaredes, American actress
  • 1970 – Egemen Bagis, Turkish politician
  • 1970 – Tayfur Havutçu, Turkish footballer and coach
  • 1972 – Demet Akalın, Turkish actress, singer and model
  • 1972 – Choky Ice, Hungarian pornographic film actor
  • 1973 – Cem Yilmaz, Turkish comedian
  • 1975 – Jónsi, Icelandic singer and guitarist
  • 1976 – Valeska Dos Santos Menezes, Brazilian volleyball player
  • 1977 – Arash Labaf, Iranian-born Swedish singer
  • 1977 – John Cena, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Lauri Ylönen, Finnish singer and lead singer of The Rasmus
  • 1981 – Murat Ünalmış, Turkish TV series and film actor
  • 1995 – Gigi Hadid, American model and actress
  • 1999 – Son Chae-young, lead rapper, songwriter and composer for Korean artist Twice
  • 2018 – Louis Mountbatten-Windsor, Prince of the United Kingdom

Armed

  • 1196-III. Béla, King of Hungary (born ~1148)
  • 1605 – Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia (born ~1551)
  • 1616 – Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish writer (b. 1547)
  • 1616 – William Shakespeare, English playwright (b. 1564)
  • 1850 – William Wordsworth, English poet (b. 1770)
  • 1939 – Saffet Atabinen, Turkey’s first conductor and flute virtuoso (b. 1858)
  • 1954 – Rudolf Beran, Czech politician (born 1887)
  • 1975 – William Hartnell, English actor (Doctor Who series first doctor) (born 1908)
  • 1979 – Maurice Clavel, French writer, philosopher and journalist (born in 1920)
  • 1983 – Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1986 – Otto Preminger, Austrian-born American director (born 1906)
  • 1990 – Paulette Goddard, American actress (born in 1910)
  • 1992 – Satyajit Ray, Bangladeshi director (born in 1921)
  • 1993 – Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet (born in 1914)
  • 1998 – Konstantin Karamanlis, Greek politician (born in 1907)
  • 2005 – John Mills, English actor (born 1908)
  • 2007 – Boris Yeltsin, Russian statesman and politician (born 1931)
  • 2010 – Bo Hansson, Swedish musician (born in 1943)
  • 2013 – Şahin Gök, Turkish filmmaker (born in 1952)
  • 2013 – Mullah Mohammed Omar, leader of the Taliban (born in 1959)
  • 2015 – Aziz Asli, former Iranian national football player (born 1938)
  • 2015 – Richard Corliss, Time Magazine writer (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Çetin İpekkaya, Turkish theater director and actor (born in 1937)
  • 2016 – Madeleine Sherwood, Canadian actress (born in 1922)
  • 2017 – Jerry Adriani (Jair Alves de Sousa), Brazilian singer, musician and actor (born in 1947)
  • 2017 – Kathleen Crowley, American actress (born in 1929)
  • 2017 – Imre Földi, Hungarian weightlifter (born in 1938)
  • 2017 – František Rajtoral, Czech national footballer (born 1986)
  • 2017 – Erdoğan Teziç, Turkish lawyer and academic (born in 1936)
  • 2018 – Bob Dorough, American cool bebop jazz pianist, singer-songwriter, composer, arranger and record producer (born 1923)
  • 2019 – Henry W. Bloch, American philanthropist and businessman (born 1922)
  • 2019 – Matthew Buckland, South African social media entrepreneur, executive and businessman (b. 1974)
  • 2019 – Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (born in 1921)
  • 2019 – Terence Rawlings, English sound engineer and editor (born in 1933)
  • 2020 – James M. Beggs, American politician, bureaucrat, and businessman (born 1923)
  • 2020 – Peter E. Gill, English professional golfer (born 1930)
  • 2020 – Akira Kume, Japanese actor and voice actor (born in 1924)
  • 2020 – Henk Overgoor, Dutch footballer (born in 1944)
  • 2020 – Kumiko Owada, Japanese actress, voice artist and television host (born 1956)
  • 2020 – Frederick Thomas, American DJ and musician (born in 1985)
  • 2021 – Fredi (birth name: Matti Kalevi Siitonen) is a Finnish singer (born in 1942)
  • 2021 – Mario Andres Meoni, Argentine politician (born in 1965)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Turkey – April 23 National Sovereignty and Children’s Day
  • world book day
  • Israel – Yom Ha’atzma’ut: National Independence Day celebrated after the declaration of sovereignty of Israel in 1948
  • Germany – National Beer Day