Ismet Inonu resigned from Parliament

November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th for leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left before the end of the year is 47.

Railways

  • 14 Kasım 1925 In İsmet Pasha’s cabinet, MP Nafia Süleyman Sırrı Bey died of pneumonia after his visit to Samsun and Edirne. It is said to have the word ün weaving the country with iron nets”.

Events

  • 1889 – New York world Employee Nellie Bly has started her journey around the world, which will last 40.071 kilometres. Inspired by his journey Around the world in eighty daysHe also met Jules Verne, the author of the book, on this trip.
  • 1914 – Fuat Uzkınay shoots the first Turkish film, “The Fall of the Russian Monument in San Stefano”.
  • 1918 – The Republic of Czechoslovakia is proclaimed.
  • 1922 – The BBC begins radio broadcasts in the UK.
  • 1922 – Liberation of Malkara district from Tekirdag.
  • 1925 – In Sivas, some people put inscriptions on the walls against the hat revolution. Imamzade Mehmet Necati was sentenced to death for this reason.
  • 1940 – The British city of Coventry is attacked from the air; 100 civilians died.
  • 1941 – Pocket guide to Turkish terms distributed to secondary school teachers.
  • 1944 – Deportation of Meskhetian Turks from Meskhetia.
  • 1958 – Law professor Ragıp Sarıca said, “There is no democracy where journalists are detained.”
  • 1960 – During the Yassıada hearings, the exchange fraud case against Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, the former foreign minister, started. On the same day, the baby’s bones were brought from Ankara as evidence in the “baby case” in which former Prime Minister Adnan Menderes was tried.
  • 1964 – American actor Kirk Douglas came to Turkey as a “goodwill ambassador”. Prime Minister İsmet İnönü received Douglas.
  • 1969 – Muammar Gaddafi nationalizes all foreign banks in Libya.
  • 1969 – NASA launches the Apollo 12 spacecraft for the second manned mission to the lunar surface.
  • 1971 – Mariner 9 reaches the planet Mars, making it the first spacecraft to orbit another planet.
  • 1972 – İsmet İnönü resigns from the CHP on November 5 and from his parliamentary post today.
  • 1975 – Spain renounces its sovereignty over Western Sahara.
  • 1976 – The foundations of Çayırhan thermal power plant and coal production facilities are laid.
  • 1983 – The Peace Association case is concluded. 18 people were sentenced to 8 years and 5 people to 5 years in prison.
  • 1984 – Turkey national football team lose 8-0 to England at home.
  • 1985 – The Democratic Left Party (DSP) is founded.
  • 1991 – A foreign vessel laden with sheep collided with another foreign-flagged vessel off Anadoluhisarı; 2 sailors disappeared, 22,000 sheep drowned.
  • 1993 – Naim Süleymanoğlu won three gold medals at the World Weightlifting Championships.
  • Pakistani Aimal Khan Kasi, convicted of murdering 2002 CIA agents in 1993-92, was executed by lethal injection in Virginia.

Births

  • 1663 – Friedrich Wilhelm Zachau, German musician and composer (died 1712)
  • 1719 – Leopold Mozart, German composer and musician (father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) (died 1787)
  • 1765 – Robert Fulton, American inventor (died 1815)
  • 1771 – Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (d. 1802)
  • 1774 Gaspare Spontini, Italian composer (d. 1851)
  • 1797 – Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist (died 1875)
  • 1803 – Jacob Abbott, American author of children’s books (died 1879)
  • 1812 – Aleardo Aleardi, Italian poet (d. 1878)
  • 1838 – August Šenoa, Croatian novelist, critic, publisher, poet and playwright (died 1881)
  • 1840 – Claude Monet, French impressionist painter (died 1926)
  • 1861 Frederick Jackson Turner, American historian (died 1932)
  • 1863 – Leo Hendrik Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist (died 1944)
  • 1875 – Jakob Schaffner, Swiss novelist (died 1944)
  • 1877 Norman Brookes, Australian tennis player (died 1968)
  • 1878 – Julie Manet, French painter (died 1966)
  • 1889 – Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister (died 1964)
  • 1891 – Frederick Banting, Canadian physician and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (died 1941)
  • 1900 – Aaron Copland, American composer (died 1990)
  • 1906 – Louise Brooks, American actress and dancer (died 1985)
  • 1907 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish children’s book author (died 2002)
  • 1907 – Howard W. Hunter, American religious leader (died 1995)
  • 1908 Joseph Raymond McCarthy, U.S. Senator (died 1957)
  • 1910 – Eric Malpass, English novelist (died 1996)
  • 1917 – Park Chung-hee, South Korean soldier and politician (died 1979)
  • 1919 – Salah Birsel, Turkish poet and essayist (died 1999)
  • 1922 – Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian diplomat and 6th Secretary General of the United Nations (died 2016)
  • 1922 Veronica Lake, American actress (died 1973)
  • 1924 – Leonid Kogan, Soviet violinist (died 1982)
  • 1926 – Marc Aryan, Armenian-Belgian singer (died 1985)
  • 1927 – Narciso Yepes, Spanish classical guitarist (died 1997)
  • 1930 – Monique Mercure, Canadian actress (died 2020)
  • 1930 – Edward Higgins White, NASA test pilot and astronaut (died 1967)
  • 1932 – Gunter Sachs, German photographer and writer (died 2011)
  • 1934 – Dave Mackay, former Scottish footballer and manager (died 2015)
  • 1934 – Ellis Marsalis Jr., American jazz pianist and music teacher (died 2020)
  • 1935
    • Hussein, King of Jordan (died 1999)
    • Lefteris Papadopoulos, Greek songwriter, poet and journalist
  • 1937 – Önder Sav, Turkish politician
  • 1941 – Güler Ökten, Turkish theatre, film and TV series actress
  • 1942 – Natalia Gutman, Russian cellist
  • 1943 – Valeri Hlevinsky, Soviet-Russian stage, film and television actress (died 2021)
  • 1944
    • Karen Armstrong, British writer and historian
    • Nazlı Ilıcak, Turkish journalist
  • 1948-III. Charles, King of the United Kingdom and 14 Commonwealth member states
  • 1951 – Zhang Yimou, Chinese director
  • 1952 – Maggie Roswell, American voice actress
  • 1953 – Dominique de Villepin, French politician
  • 1954
    • Bernard Hinault, former French cyclist
    • Condoleezza Rice, American politician and Secretary of State
    • Eliseo Salazar, Chilean speedway rider
    • Yanni, Greek composer
  • 1955 – Jack Sikma, American professional basketball player
  • 1956
    • Valerie Jarrett, American businessman and former government official
    • Peter R. de Vries, Dutch investigative journalist, politician and program producer (died 2021)
  • 1959 – Paul McGann, English actor
  • 1962
    • Stefano Gabbana, Italian fashion designer
    • Laura San Giacomo, American actress
  • 1964 – Patrick Warburton, American stand-up comedian, actor, voice actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Butch Walker, American singer, songwriter and producer
  • 1970 – Brendan Benson, American songwriter and musician
  • 1972
    • Matt Bloom, American professional wrestler
    • Josh Duhamel, American film and television actor
    • Edyta Górniak, Polish singer
  • 1973 – Adina Howard, American R&B singer
  • 1975
    • Travis Barker, American musician and producer
    • Luizão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Gary Vaynerchuk, Belarusian-American entrepreneur and motivational speaker
  • 1977 – Obie Trice, American rapper
  • 1978 – Michala Banas, New Zealand television actress and singer
  • 1979
    • Olga Kurylenko, French-Ukrainian actress and model
    • Miguel Sabah, Mexican footballer
  • nineteen eighty one
    • Vanessa Bayer, American actress and comedian
    • Russel Tovey, English actor
  • 1982
    • Marija Serifovic, Serbian singer
    • Joy Williams, American singer and songwriter
  • 1983 – Chelsea Wolfe, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1984 – Marija Šerifović, Serbian singer
  • 1985 – Thomas Vermaelen, Belgian footballer
  • 1987 – Yorgos Yeoryiadis, Greek national football player
  • 1989
    • Vlad Chiricheş, Romanian national footballer
    • Jake Livermore, England international footballer
  • 1990 – Roman Bürki, Swiss national footballer
  • 1991 – Graham Patrick Martin, American actor
  • 1992 – Burak Tozkoparan, Turkish actor and musician
  • 1993 – Samuel Umtiti, Cameroonian-born French national footballer

Deaths

  • 565 – Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 482-483)
  • 976 – Taizu, founder and first emperor of the Song dynasty of China (b. 927)
  • 1263 – Alexander Nevsky, Grand Prince of Novgorod and Russian war hero (b. 1220)
  • 1359 – Gregori Palamas, Archbishop of Thessaloniki, theologian and mystic (b. 1296)
  • 1533 – Piri Mehmet Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (b. 1458)
  • 1716 – Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German philosopher (b. 1646)
  • 1817 – Policarpa Salavarrieta, spy and revolutionary who fought for Colombian independence (b. 1795)
  • 1831 – Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher (b. 1770)
  • 1844 – Flora Tristan, French writer, socialist and women’s rights activist (b. 1803)
  • 1908 – Guangxu, ninth emperor of the Qing (Manchurian) dynasty (1875-1908) (b. 1871)
  • 1909 – Joshua Slocum, American sailor, traveler and author (b. 1844)
  • 1928 – Şekerci Cemil Bey, Turkish classical music composer (b. 1867)
  • 1946 – Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer and pianist (born in 1876)
  • 1950 – Orhan Veli Kanık, Turkish poet (born in 1914)
  • 1962 – Manuel Gálvez, Argentine writer and poet (born 1882)
  • 1966 – Steingrímur Steinþórsson, Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1893)
  • 1982 – Osman Canberk, Turkish translator and humorist (born 1908)
  • 1985 – Wellington Koo, President of China (b. 1888)
  • 1991 – Tony Richardson, English director and Oscar winner (born 1928)
  • 1992 – Ernst Happel, Austrian footballer and manager (born 1925)
  • 1997 – Eddie Arcaro, American jockey (born 1916)
  • 2001 – Juan Carlos Lorenzo, Argentine footballer and manager (born 1922)
  • 2009 – Ensari Bulut, Turkish politician (born in 1956)
  • 2011 – Esin Afşar, Turkish sound artist, writer, translator, theater and film actress (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Diem Brown, American broadcaster and journalist (born in 1982)
  • 2014 – Murteza Pasha, Iranian musician, composer and pop singer (born 1984)
  • 2015 – Nick Bockwinkel, American former professional wrestler and trainer (born 1934)
  • 2016 – Vladimir Belov, former Soviet-Russian handball player (born 1958)
  • 2016 – Gwen Ifill, American journalist, author and television host (born 1955)
  • 2016 – Janet Wright, British-Canadian actress (born 1945)
  • 2017 – İsmet Iraz, Turkish taekwondo player (born in 1936)
  • 2017 – Shyama, Indian actor of Pakistani origin (born in 1935)
  • 2018 – Rolf Hoppe, German stage, film and television actor (born 1930)
  • 2018 – Mario Suárez, Venezuelan folk singer and musician (born 1926)
  • 2019 – María Baxa, Italian-Serbian film actress (born 1943)
  • 2019 – Branko Lustig, Croatian filmmaker (born in 1932)
  • 2020 – Armen Cigarhanyan, Armenian-Soviet actor and theater director (born 1935)
  • 2020 – Lindy McDaniel, American professional baseball player (born 1935)
  • 2020 – Ahmet Kekeç, Turkish journalist, writer (born in 1961)
  • 2020 – Hasan Muratović, Bosnian scholar and politician (born 1940)
  • 2020 – Kay Wiestål, Swedish footballer and entrepreneur (born 1940)

Holidays and special occasions